Sitting in the renowned region of Cappadocia, Turkey, the town of Goreme is a tourist attraction for decades because incredible natural rock formations referred to as the “fairy chimneys” ;.Believed to have been carved into the volcanic rock, Goreme could be the gateway to the UNESCO World Heritage Site, Goreme National Park, which includes a one-of-a-kind landscape.
The park and the Goreme valley is really a strong reflection of Byzantine art, which flourished through the Iconoclastic period. Here, you’ll find not only the famous chimney rock formations by also the ruins of traditional habitats which were built such as for example underground towns, residences, and troglodyte villages, dating as far back since the 4th century. Goreme is rather small and can quickly be navigated on foot. In the event that you don’t desire to walk, you may also rent bicycles, scooters and motorcycles to access specific locations. The nearby underground cities of Derinkuyu and Kaymakli as well as the more expensive towns of Avanos and Urgup can quickly be reached from Goreme through public transport, particularly bus and mini buses.
Once you reach Goreme, it is simple to arrange a tour from one of many several travel agencies that offer day trips to the underground cities and the ancient churches. Most excursions also incorporate a trip to a quaint shop that sells local products like pottery and carpet. But the key site to explore of this type could be the Goreme Open Air museum, which is actually merely a 15-minute walk from the town center. This fascinating museum features a wonderful number of fairy chimneys and caves, that have been turned into monasteries and churches. By paying the admission fee, you will access all individual sites in the complex such as the church in a cave, situated outside the museum entrance and over the highway.
Walking through the museum gives you the opportunity to learn more about and admire closely the geological formations, and how men in early times, used them to be places of worship and sanctuary. Some of the churches still maintain their original frescoes and geometric motifs. You can find eleven refectories in the museum complex which can be equipped with their own church as well as rock-cut chairs and tables. Such churches are believed to have been built through the 10th, 11th and 12th centuries.
Among the more important sites in the Goreme Open Air Museum could be the Nunnery. This rock mass goes as high as 6-7 stories. Make sure to visit the very first and second floor of the Nunnery that contains the dining hall and the chapel, respectively. You can access the 3rd story of the building, where in actuality the church resides, via a tunnel. Of all of the churches in the complex, the Dark Church or Karanlik Kilise generally seems to attract visitors probably the most, although there’s an extra charge for people who need to enter this church.